Based on the Modern Language Association (MLA) style-guide
The journal uses the MLA referencing style as defined in Joseph Gibaldi MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th edition (New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009) and Joseph Gibaldi MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing 3rd edition (New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2008). For our purposes these two guides are equivalent and either may be used. The main difference between MLA style and others is that endnotes are used only for discursive commentary, not for giving references to other published works. In MLA style, all referencing in done by in-text parenthetical citations that give the precise information needed to support a quotation or an assertion (typically, a page number or page-span) and point the reader to further bibliographical information (such as author, title, publisher, and so on) that is contained in an entry within a list of Works Cited that appears at the end of the article. There are many online guides to the MLA style. The MLA style was developed for arts and humanities scholarship in the United States of America, and a few adjustments to the style are needed to suit its application to Theatre Notebook as a British journal of theatre history. These few, unavoidable adjustments are listed below.
Body Text rules
Spelling and punctuation should be British. Matter to be set in italics in the finished article should be set in italics in the typescript (so, there should be no underlining in the typescript). Quotation marks should be double ("To be, or not to be") not single. Where there is quotation within quotation, the exterior quotation marks should be double and the interior ones single. Thus:
. . . Watkins asked whether "Johnson had really meant to 'finish him off' or not".
The British standard of placing closing punctuation marks outside of closing quotation marks should be followed. Thus:
. . . said he "Would not leave". Yet he did agree to depart "in a few days", and never returned.
On the first mention of a play title, the full name of the dramatist must be given no matter how well known; the only exception is Shakespeare who may be identified by that name alone. All abbreviations used should be spelt out in full the first time they are used. Thus:
. . . was employed at the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). After being fired from the BBC for insubordination, Wilson got a job . . .
Contributors are reminded that the MLA style does not permit endnotes to be used for referencing. Endnotes may be used for discursive comments only. If such a comment needs to be supported by a reference, it is done in the standard MLA parenthetical style. (Theatre Notebook uses no footnotes and any notes must appear as endnotes.)
The MLA's advice on how to express amounts of money is not useful for pre-decimalization British money. The journal's convention is that amounts in pounds, shillings and pence are expressed thus:
. . . at a cost of £5 6s 2d.
Where they are anonymous, newspaper articles may be cited solely by in-text parenthetical reference giving the name of the paper and the date (and if known the page-number) and they need no correspending entry in the list of Works Cited. Thus:
. . . was well received (The Era 2 July 1899).
. . . was received (The Era 2 July 1899, 6).
Works Cited list rules
Although the MLA style asks for it, the word "Print" need not be included after each print item in the list of Works Cited. For Internet resources the URLs should not be given but rather the project/product should be clearly identified by its name so that readers may search the web to find its current URL.
For books published before 1900 MLA style allows the writer to omit the publisher's name from the Works Cited item. However, since this is apt to lead to ambiguity regarding early modern books, we require that for each book listed in the Pollard & Redgrave and Wing Short Title Catalogues (essentially, every book published in England up to the year 1700) the publisher (and printer if known) be given, or else the number assigned to the book by those catalogues (known colloquially as the "STC number" or the "Wing number") be given after the title. Thus:
Jonson, Ben. Sejanus. London: George Eld for Thomas Thorpe, 1605.
Jonson, Ben. Sejanus. STC 14782. London, 1605.